The Dow Jones Industrial Average, also called “the Dow,” is a performance measure of multiple large blue-chip companies in one index. 1884 co-founders and entrepreneurs Charles Dow and Edward Jones created the Dow Jones Transportation Average (DJTA).

The index began with 12 stocks, mostly in the transportation and export industries to track the expanding railroad industry. 12 years later, in 1896, the industrial average was initiated. Since its inception, it has grown to hold multiple industries in 30 stocks. The Dow is now considered by many a proxy for the strength of the overall economy.

As an average, the Dow is calculated as its name suggests: the sum of the included companies’ share prices divided by a separately calculated divisor value. The divisor is to account for the effects of stock splits on share prices to prevent the price of the Dow from being skewed.

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A list of stocks included in the Dow with their years added is listed below (as of Sept. 2022):

Honeywell International IncHON2020
Salesforce IncCRM2020
Dow IncDOW2019
Walgreens Boots Alliance IncWBA2018
Apple IncAAPL2015
Goldman Sachs GroupGS2013
Nike IncNKE2013
Visa IncV2013
UnitedHealth Group IncUNH2012
Cisco SystemsCSCO2009
Travelers Companies IncTRV2009
Chevron CorpCVX2008
Verizon Communications IncVZ2004
Home Depot IncHD1999
Intel CorpINTC1999
Microsoft CorpMSFT1999
Johnson & JohnsonJNJ1997
Caterpillar IncCAT1991
JP Morgan Chase & CoJPM1991
Walt Disney CoDIS1991
Boeing CoBA1987
Coca-Cola CoKO1987
McDonald’s CorpMCD1985
American Express CoAXP1982
International Business Machines CorpIBM1979
Merck & Co IncMRK1979
3M CoMMM1976
Procter & Gamble CoPG1932

Bolded stocks are used in a First State Investment Advisors portfolio.